Collective Efficiency Strategies - Competitiveness and Technology Poles

Contact person 
Deolinda Silva
Innovation Agency
Do you want to share an instrument/policy or a knowledge Transfer practice? 
Innovation instrument(policy)
What are the following keywords/priorities which better fit the instrument/policy?  
R&D cooperation (joint projects, PPP with research institutes)
Indicate the country from which the instrument (or policy) is 
What is the title/name of the instrument/policy? 
Collective Efficiency Strategies - Competitiveness and Technology Poles
Indicate the target group/beneficiaries of the instrument/policy 
All companies
Higher educations institutions research units/centres
What is the aim/objective? 
The main goals of this measure may be summarised as follows: (1) to foster linkages among relevant players in the National or regional innovation system; (2) to encourage ambitious collaborative R&D i and inniovation nitiatives with an international scope; and (3) to leverage behavioural change in the industries, fields or regions concerned.
Give an overview of the instrument 
Although being in the policy making lexicon since the early 1990s, particularly since the carrying out of a cluster project under the supervision of Michael Porter, clustering policies had never turned into reality. The Technological Plan launched in late 2005 provided for those policies, envisaged as a transformation tool enabling structural change and increased linkages. The "Collective Efficiency Strategies" actionline, where PCTs are integrated, are the instrument to turn that intention into reality.High hopes were put on the transformative potential of this measure to foster cooperation and induce behavioural change, but there are no guarantees that they will fully materialise.
What is the date of creation of this instrument? 
Monday, January 1, 2007
Is the instrument/policy still active? 
Identify the main outputs/results (quantitative and qualitative) of the implementation of this instrument 
Although no formal evaluation has been carried out so far, there is evidence of mixed performance: while some clusters, such as the Health Cluster, have already taken off, others are still struggling to find their way and to accommodate the different interest of their members.
What is the co-financing/maximum rate allowed by the instrument/policy (if appl.)? 
Is this instrument/policy linked to a KT practice?